Designing for All: Considering the Visual Accessibility Projects

As the design is such a visual concept, we do not always stop to think about how design can impact users with certain disabilities. Since defects in vision, hearing or touch, the way how to design a website, brochure or packaging may look or work in different ways to different people.

And as you can not design every element pair are perfect for each condition in each user, there are some things you can do and think for your design projects more accessible to a greater number of people. Simple techniques such as choice of colors , textures, leftovers and sound effects can make the difference for users. Dubai Branding Agency

Things to consider
color-difference

While there are many things that can contribute to accessibility in the design, the most common factors include vision problems, blindness, the ability to hear certain sounds and even some touch. Each of these things can significantly affect how you think something is received and it is important to understand that in some cases, many people may be impacted by these factors.

Vision Problems
A significant portion of the world’s population has some kind of visual defect. Think of all the people you know who wear glasses or contact lenses. This includes 285 million people and, of these, 39 million are blind, according to the World Health Organization.

Blindness
One of the most common problems that a designer can address is the accessibility for the color blind. There are many variations of color blindness, ranging from see little color in certain tones (usually red, green or blue) to not see color at all. Color blindness can start from birth or develop over time.

About one in 12 men and 200 women are colorblind, according to Color Blind Awareness. You can test your color vision online with simple tests.

Ear Problems
So deafness is not a visual problem for designers, can impact web design and user interface, which usually include sounds. Hearing loss is commonly associated with the elderly, but also impacts many people. About 20% of adults in the United States have some degree of hearing loss, according to the Hearing Loss Association of America. Most of those people are probably part of your company’s target group and that 60% of deaf people are in active labor or education.

Sense of Touch
Although not extremely common, defects in tact and agility of the fingers is a constant concern in regard to accessibility for designing applications and mobile sites. Because these elements work with finger touch or delizamientos, touch is important. Users with neuropathy, a nerve disorder that results in loss of touch, or arthritis, may have difficulties with such applications.

Working with Color
color combination

The most common form of color blindness is with red and green, some with yellow and blue. With this condition, these colors tend to blend with little distinction between the shades. This makes working with Color is especially important.

A color palette using many green and red together can be difficult to see for individuals with this condition. Think about elements such as graphics or bars that use these colors, they can be indistinguishable.

color work

A better option is to use colors that are not related in terms of common patterns of vision (red-green and blue-yellow). Combining different types of colors you can make the information easier to see.

Color combinations that can be difficult to see:

  • Red and green
  • Green and brown
  • Green and Blue
  • Green and gray
  • Green and black
  • Light green and yellow
  • Blue and purple
  • Blue and gray

This does not mean you can not use these color combinations. There are ways to use them and create a layout that is quite accessible.

Think of the buttons on a web interface. If the button is green and the rest of the page is green, the result will be not accessible button. But simple changes such as additional shade for the button or use an edge can create a major difference.

Another option is to use a monochromatic palette color. Different shades of the same hue are usually easy to differentiate. This can be a fun and simple way (not to mention modern) to make sure the information is easy to see.

Importance of Textures
In addition to changes in the color, think about how to add textures to the elements. This works for print and online elements.

In printed elements, texture can help distinguish a product from high relief ink or paper type, the medium you use can help identify you and your product. In digital elements, using simple textures like lines or shadows in a color box can make a difference and make it easier to see. In terms of touch, add some sense, as a sound, sliding or touching the right location can make these items easier to use.

Contrast and Size
We often talk about the importance of size and contrast and in terms of vision, this is vital. As you create more contrast between elements, are more likely to see and understand properly.

Using combinations of high and low color saturation to create a distinction between design elements. Make sure the items have enough space around it to be clearly read. Finally, use size to your advantage. The font should be easily read by the average person more than a meter away.

Sound Effects
In terms of hearing, the sound effects should be simple, clear and not too high or low. The mid-range sounds are usually the easiest to listen to most people.

Make sure the sound is mixed and edited professionally to be clear. Sounds with many things happening in the background can be difficult to listen to anyone and provide more obstacles for deaf people.

On pages or applications with automatic sounds, includes functionality for audio components can be repeated or increase the volume. (Notice how the site makes up simply.) Consider including visual cues with sound information as well, such as integer or text subtitles. Dubai Web Design

Conclusion
It may not always be possible to design for every possible scenario. Most companies and customers would not expect, but should think about accessibility for your potential audience.

Try to consider how to work on your design elements to make it more friendly for everyone. Color choices, text sizes, textures and types of sounds does not always make a big difference in your overall design, but can have a significant impact on some users.

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Thomas James

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